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Francesco I Sforza ruled Milan, having acquired the title of Duke of Milan (1450–1466) after marrying in 1441 the natural daughter and only heir of the last Duke of Milan, Filippo Maria Visconti, Bianca Maria (1425–1468), making the Sforzas the heirs of the house of Visconti. Muzio’s illegitimate son Francesco Sforza, also a condottiere, became duke of Milan in 1450 through his marriage to the daughter of Duke Filippo Maria Visconti. Galeazzo Maria was assassinated during Christmas festivities by three conspirators who vainly hoped to set the stage for a popular insurrection. In 1418, he married Polissena Ruffo, a Calabrese noblewoman. Though traditionally characterized as despotic, extravagant, and dissolute, Galeazzo Maria was apparently a capable ruler who took an active interest in agriculture, constructed canals for irrigation and transportation, introduced the cultivation of rice, and encouraged commerce, particularly the manufacture of silk and wool. Sforza was barely 10 years old when she got betrothed to Girolamo Riario, who was 29 at the time. The family was originally named Attendolo. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). How to properly store, conceal and have access to your tools. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Three years later Francis I of France attacked the city. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Sforza-family, Palazzosforzacesarini - The Historical Roots of the Sforza Family, Sforza family - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). First Marriage. Francesco remained the ruler of Milan until his death in 1535 and as he was childless the Duchy reverted to the Emperor, who passed it to his son Philip II in 1540, thus beginning the period of Spanish rule in Milan. Originating in the minor nobility, the family probably obtained the hereditary office of viscount of Milan early in the 11th century, transforming the title into a surname. Updates? [3], Noble family of the Italian Renaissance, dukes of Milan, http://www.britannica.com/biography/Sigismund-I-king-of-Poland, "The Real Life Characters of Assassin's Creed", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=House_of_Sforza&oldid=981594277, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, House of Sforza-Cotignola (extinct in 1624), The house is mentioned in a song about the Borgia family in the British edutainment TV show, There are notable members from the family in the Television Series, This page was last edited on 3 October 2020, at 08:49. Save 50% off a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. It was the golden period of the Italian Renaissance, typified by the splendour of the Sforza court.…, …sold in 1445 to the Sforza family, and in 1512, through the influence of Pope Julius II, it went to the pope’s nephew Francesco Maria I della Rovere, duke di Urbino. This was about 46% of all the recorded Sforza's in the USA. Black Friday Sale! While the House of Sforza has died out over the last century, it is closely related to the Castellini Baldissera family, who inherited a number of their palazzos and estates. It reverted to the Papal States in 1631.…. ... MASS LEOSA class forming now! Sforza Family, Italian family, first named Attendoli, that produced two famous soldiers of fortune and founded a dynasty that ruled Milan for almost a century. – Caterina Sforza They might not be Borgias, but they're still pretty twisted, devious, and badass. But the murder left Milan to the uncertainties of the regency of his widow, Bona of Savoy, who ruled with the aid of an unpopular chancellor, Cicco Simonetta, and to the brief, troubled reign of Galeazzo’s son Gian Galeazzo (1469–94), whose power was soon usurped by his uncle Ludovico the Moor. In 1521 Charles V drove out the French and restored the younger son of Ludovico, Francesco II Sforza to the duchy. The founder of the Sforza dynasty was Muzio Attendolo Sforza (1369-1424). $50 fee per retired officer in good standing. In 1493, Lucrezia married Giovanni Sforza – it was a marriage of politics, Pope Alexander VI believed that having the Sforza’s as his allies would help him in his political endeavours and it was a way of thanking the Sforza family for their help in … Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. He was a patron of musicians, artists, poets, and scholars, and himself wrote treatises on hunting. New York had the highest population of Sforza … Sforza Family, Italian family, first named Attendoli, that produced two famous soldiers of fortune and founded a dynasty that ruled Milan for almost a century. The Attendoli were prosperous farmers of the Romagna (near Ravenna) who first assumed the name Sforza (“Force”) with the founder of the Sforza was barely 10 years old when she got betrothed to Girolamo Riario, who was … Muzio's third son, Bosio (1411–1476), founded the branch of Santa Fiora, who held the title of count of Cotignola; the Sforza ruled the small county of Santa Fiora in southern Tuscany until 1624. Francesco Sforza was born in San Miniato, Tuscany, one of the seven illegitimate sons of the condottiero Muzio Sforza and Lucia da Torsano. Genealogy profile for Francesco I Sforza, duca di Milano Francesco Sforza (1401 - 1466) - Genealogy Genealogy for Francesco Sforza (1401 - 1466) family tree on Geni, with over 200 million profiles of ancestors and living relatives. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The family also held the seigniory of Pesaro, starting with Muzio Attendolo's second son, Alessandro (1409–1473). Corrections? We will teach the basic's of safety and security. The Renaissance was an intriguing period in Europe, and the history of the Borgia family was equally ‘colorful’, and lively. The most Sforza families were found in the USA in 1920. First Marriage. After Imperial German troops drove out the French, Maximilian Sforza, son of Ludovico, became Duke of Milan (1512–1515) until the French returned under Francis I of France and imprisoned him. The Sforza held Pesaro until 1512, after the death of Costanzo II Sforza. The answer is really very simple. Learn the basics of home defense for you and your family. Ellen Lloyd - AncientPages.com - Murder, greed, lust for power, political intrigue, scandals, incest, and corruption are the reasons why the House of Borgia easily became the most infamous family of Renaissance Italy. Muzio Attendolo Sforza (1369–1424) was a condotierre, or soldier of fortune. The Milanese and their Swiss allies were defeated by French and Venetian troops at Marignano, southeast of Milan, and Massimiliano yielded the duchy to Francis, retiring to Paris to live on a pension. Premium Membership is now 50% off! Now married to the Sforza’s This opens up new doorsas They world bows down before us The Borgia/Sforza family [RODRIGO BORGIA] Yes, and while we’re at it we will marry son Gioffre Now married to the Sforza's This opens up new doorsas They world bows down before us The Borgia/Sforza family Yes, and while we're at it we will marry son Gioffre Aged twelve but so what soon will be The Borgia/Sforza and the Naples family When the Sforza family Eventually bores ya In 1513, backed by the Swiss, Massimiliano returned to Milan. With Sforza II Sforza (1433-1492), son of Francesco I Duke of Milan, the lineage of the Counts of Borgonovo was created and lasted until the end of XVII century when Alessandro III died without any descendants from his marriage with Polissena Gonzaga. Francesco’s eldest son, Galeazzo Maria Sforza (1444–76), succeeded his father in 1466. Yes, there are. In foreign policy, however, he followed an indecisive course that ended in Milan’s virtual isolation. Francesco (duke 1450–66) provided his subjects not only relative peace and patronage of humanism and the arts but also the disadvantages of tyrannical rule. The Attendoli were prosperous farmers of the Romagna (near Ravenna) who first assumed the name Sforza (“Force”) with the founder of the dynasty, the condottiere Muzio Attendolo (1369–1424). You have full information here Casa de Borja (in Spanish, but much more detailed and updated) - or here, House of Borgia. After Ludovico was driven from power by Louis XII of France in 1499, his sons Massimiliano (1493–1530) and Francesco Maria (1495–1535) took refuge in Germany. Omissions? Genealogy profile for Francesco I Sforza, duca di Milano Francesco Sforza (1401 - 1466) - Genealogy Genealogy for Francesco Sforza (1401 - 1466) family tree on Geni, with over 200 million profiles of ancestors and living relatives.

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